Smart connected devices, centralized wireless connectivity, and scalable cloud-based computing have created the Internet of Things (IoT) platform. These IoT platforms enable organizations to monitor, control, optimize, and automate their operations in previously unimaginable ways. IoT disrupts traditional business models in many industries, causing companies to ask the fundamental.
This leads to many private and public organizations are seeking ways to use IoT to create new sources of value, and some are utilizing it to deliver innovative operational efficiencies. Remote asset management allows organizations to monitor assets in real-time and make much more effective use of their field teams. Predictive maintenance significantly reduces downtime by replacing parts before they fail. Real-time data analytics help employees make better decisions for tomorrow. And smart IoT systems can automate predictable and repetitive processes.
The Internet of Things extends internet connection beyond mainstream devices like smartphones, desktop and laptop computers, and tablets to various devices and things that utilize embedded technology to interact and communicate with the external environment, all via the Internet.
At the networking level, there is Bluetooth, Bluetooth LE, Wi-Fi, cellular, Z-Wave, 6LowPAN, Thread, ZigBee, RFID, NFC, Sigfox, Neul, Alljoyn, IoTivity, Weave, LoRaWAN, Homekit, CoAP, MQTT, JSON-LD, and several more that can and do play a part in IoT applications.
Applications of IoT
IoT systems have precise application development across various industries through their unique flexibility and suitability in any environment. They enhance data collection, automation, operations, and more through smart IoT devices. IoT is everywhere, but there are certainly a few places where it’s more prevalent. Industry 4.0 is the sector working with IoT concepts for the longest, thanks to robotics, SCADA, and wireless sensor networks, which gave birth to a sub-type of IoT – industrial IoT, or frequently just IIoT. Sharing data for maintenance and operational purposes make industrial equipment more responsive, traceable, and functional and create a safer working environment.
Security of the IoT
It is the area of endeavor concerned with protecting the interlinked devices and networks in the Internet of things (IoT). The first initial thing that comes to mind when they think of IoT security is encryption. If you are one of those people, don’t worry; you are not incorrect. Encryption is a critical security component, but it is just one part of the story.
IoT needs a good equilibrium of reasonably strong security measures that are inexpensive and highly scalable. One of the significant issues is that a compromised IoT device can, in some unfortunate cases, offer a way onto a company’s network. An inadequately secured security camera or anything that accesses the network is a potential threat.
The full benefits of the IoT are only realized when many devices can seamlessly interact; however, therein lies a challenging problem. The number of various players in the market covers a wide range, both horizontally, in terms of features and functionality, and vertically, among multiple industries.
With a large number of companies “doing IoT,” – most prominent tech companies, including Google, Microsoft, Cisco, Apple, Intel, and IBM, have various types of IoT play – all working to bring as many users as possible into their particular ecosystems, motivation to make sure IoT systems and devices from different tech companies all work with each other is something that is sometimes lacking.
IoT device connects and transmits or receive information using transfer protocols. These IoT platforms serve as a bridge between the devices’ wireless sensor networks and the data networks.
The following are some of the prominent IoT platforms on the market today:
- Amazon Web Services
- Microsoft Azure
- Cisco IoT Cloud Connect
- ThingWorx IoT Platform
- IBM’s Watson
- Salesforce IoT Cloud
- Oracle Integrated Cloud
- GE Predix